Japanese Lesson – Days of the Week

Hello!

In this lesson we are going to learn days of the week in japanese. Let’s go!

Day of the week

One of the key words to know when dealing with days of the week is:  曜日 (ようび) [yo~bi] /day (of the week)/

What day is it today?

Having this word in mind, to ask someone “What day it is today?”, you will say:

きょう今日[kyou]/ today /
[wa]/ {topic} /
なん[nan]/ what /
ようび曜日[yo~bi]/ day /
ですです[desu]/ to be /
[ka]/ {question} /
[.]/ . /

In more casual situations, the 今日は [kyo~ wa] can be dropped and the question become:

なん[nan]/ what /
ようび曜日[yo~bi]/ day /
ですです[desu]/ to be /
[ka]/ {question} /
[.]/ . /

Which means: /What day is it?/.

Days of the week

Days of the week in Japanese are build quite like days in our western languages, as for instance Monday (Moon’s day), Tuesday (Tiw’s – Tiw is a Norse divinity – day)… in English for instance, day’s in Japanes are build around stars, followed by 曜日[yo~bi]:

日曜日 にちようび nichiyo~bi Sunday 日 is the Sun.
月曜日 げつようび getsuyo~bi Monday 月 is the Moon.
火曜日 かようび kayo~bi Tuesday 火 is the fire symbolizing Mars.
水曜日 すいようび suiyo~bi Wednesday 水 is the water symbolizing Mercury
木曜日 もくようび mokuyo~bi Thursday 木 is the wood symbolizing Jupiter
金曜日 きんようび kinyo~bi Friday 金 is gold/silver symbolizing Venus
土曜日 どようび doyo~bi Saturday 土 is the soil symbolizing Saturn

So, to answer the question: 今日は何曜日ですか。[What day is it today], you will answer (if today is Saturday for instance):

きょう今日[kyo~]/ today /
[wa]/ {topic} /
どようび土曜日[doyo~bi]/ Saturday /
ですです[desu]/ to be /
[.]/ . /

/Today is Saturday./

or more simply:

どようび土曜日[doyo~bi]/ Saturday /
ですです[desu]/ to be /
[.]/ . /

/Saturday./

Note also that the pronunciation indicated above is the formal way to indicate days. But in everyday life this may be long to pronounce and write, so many times, when speaking or writing, the final 日(び) is dropped, and even more in written form the 曜日 (ようび) is entirely dropped.

For instance look at the following which is a concert date:

ONE OK ROCK 2017 “Ambitions” JAPAN TOUR
■2017/02/18(土) 静岡 : 静岡エコパアリーナ
【開場/開演】OPEN 17:00 / START 18:00 <SPECIAL GUEST; WANIMA>
【一般発売日】2017/01/21(土) 【問い合わせ】サンデーフォークプロモーション静岡

Did you find it?
Answer
土 (ど) - Saturday

Exercises

Answer the question in Japanese

今日は何曜日ですか。/What day is it today?/

(Refer to the table above to check your answer ^^)

Guess what is the day corresponding to the given Japanese day
土曜日 (どようび)?
Answer
Saturday

 

木曜日 (もくようび)?
Answer
Thursday

 

月曜日 (げつようび)?
Answer
Monday

 

水曜日 (すいようび)?
Answer
Wednesday

 

日曜日 (にちようび)?
Answer
Sunday

 

金曜日 (きんようび)?
Answer
Friday

 

火曜日 (かようび)?
Answer
Tuesday

 

Pronounce the day in Japanese
Tuesday?
Answer
火曜日 (かようび)

 

Wednesday?
Answer
水曜日 (すいようび)

 

Saturday?
Answer
土曜日 (どようび)

 

Sunday?
Answer
日曜日 (にちようび)

 

Thursday?
Answer
木曜日 (もくようび)

 

Monday?
Answer
月曜日 (げつようび)

 

Friday?
Answer
金曜日 (きんようび)

 

That’s it. We are finished with this lesson. Next time we will learn how to speak of yesterday or tomorrow what remains to fully master time: dates and years.

Cheers,

Stéphane

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *