Thai Lesson 1 – Basic Thai Sentences

สวัสดี ครับ / Hello,

In this first lesson we will learn pronouns along with some basic vocabulary, and see how to build some simple sentences in Thai.

But first let’s make a quick revision from our Introductory article.


1. What is the meaning of the following words:

สวัสดี ค่ะ [saLwatLdi~M ‘kʰaF]
ขอบคุณ [kʰɔ~pLkʰunM]
ไม่ [maiF]

2. How do you say … in Thai?

Hello. (man)
You are welcome.


Did you find the corrects answers? Let’s check:

สวัสดี ค่ะ [saLwatLdi~M ‘kʰaF] means “Hello.” or “Goodbye.”. The ค่ะ at the end of the sentence indicates that it is being pronounced by a woman.
ขอบคุณ[kʰɔ~pLkʰunM] means “Thank you.”.
ไม่ [maiF] means “No.”.

Hello. (man) is “สวัสดี ครับ” [‘saL‘wàtL‘di~M ‘kʰrápH].
Please. is “กรุณา” [gaLruHna~M].
You are welcome. is “ไม่เป็นไร” [maiF pe~nMraiM] (No problem).
Yes. is “ใช่” [chʰaiF].

All right! Now let’s start the lesson.


There exists different pronouns in Thai according to gender, number but also politeness expressed toward the subject.

The table below lists polite pronouns:

ผม [pʰomR] I / me (only used by men)
ฉัน [chʰanR] I / me (mainly used by women)
ดิฉัน [diLchʰanR] I / me (only used by women), more formal than ฉัน
คุณ [kʰunM] You
เขา [kʰe~oR] He / him / she / her / they / them
มัน [manM] It, they (only for things or animals)
เรา [re~oM] We / us
พวก เขา [pʰu~akF kʰe~oR] They / them (more precise than เขา alone to indicate a group of people as พวก means group, party)


Nouns in Thai are invariant in gender (like in English) and in number.

รถ [rotR] car, cars
ปากกา [pakLkaM] pen, pens
แมว [mɛ~oM] cat, cats (be it male or female)
หมา [ma~R] dog, dogs (be it male or female)

Note: Throughout the following lessons, only the singular form of the nouns will be indicated for nouns.

Simple sentences: S + V + O

Subject + Verb + Object sentences in Thai follow the same scheme as in English, that is to say Subject + Verb + Object. Look at the following examples:

ฉัน รัก คุณ [chʰanR rakH kʰunM] I/me (woman); [to] love; you I love you.
เขา มี ปากกา [kʰe~oR mi~M pakLkaM] he/him/…; [to] have, possess; pen He has a pen.


Here is some vocabulary that we will be using to make some more sentences.

Thai Transcription Meaning Comment
มี [mi~M] to have, possess
หนังสือ [nangR/Hsɯ~u] book
บ้าน [ba~nF] house
จักรยาน ยนต์ [chakLraLja~nM jonM] motorbike  Literally: cycle + motorized
กิน [kinM] [to] eat
ข้าว [kha~oF] rice
เนื้อ [nɯ~aH] meat
ผัก [phakL] vegetables, vegetals, greens
ผัดไทย [phatL thaiM] Pad Thai Thai-style fried noodles
[le~nF] [to] play A game, an instrument…
กีตาร์ [ki~Mta~M] guitar ร์: As indicated in the Alterations part of the Introduction article, ◌์ makes a letter silent, therefore the  is not pronounced.
เปียโน [pi~aMno~M] piano
ฟุตบอล [futHbɔ~nM] football/soccer
วิดีโอ เกม [wiHdi~Mo~M ge~mM] video game

And now, try to build the following sentences:

I (female) have a motorbike.
They have a dog.
You eat Pad-Thai.
I (male) eat rice.
She plays piano.
He plays video games.


ฉัน มี จักรยาน ยนต์ [chʰanR mi~M chakLraLja~nM jonM]
พวก เขา มี หมา [pʰu~akF kʰe~oR mi~M ma~R]
คุณ กิน ผัดไทย [kʰunM kinM phatL thaiM]
ผม กิน ข้าว [pʰomR kinM kha~oF]
เขา เล่น เปียโน [kʰe~oR le~nF pi~aMno~M]
เขา เล่น วิดีโอ เกม [kʰe~oR le~nF wiHdi~Mo~M ge~mM]

Well, this is the end of this first lesson. Do not hesitate to give me your feedback about this lesson, and share if you like it ^^.


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