As I indicated in my previous article on Thai script, in addition to our traditional Hindo-Arabic figures (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9), the Thai script also has its own way of representing figures.
Let’s see how this all works!
From 0 to 9
First, we will go through the numbers from 0 to 9. You can first learn how these numbers are pronounced, and later on come back to how they are written using the Thai script.
- Read the following numbers in Thai:
5, 4, 8, 1, 3, 6, 0, 2, 9, 7
2. Read and translate the following numbers:
3. Translate the following numbers:
From 10 to Infinity, and Beyond
Making numbers from 10 on is quite straightforward. Numbers in Thai are only a stacking of quantities like in English:
One thousand two hundreds thirty four
หนึ่ง พัน สอง ร้อย สาม สิบ สี่
[nɯngL phanM sɔ~ngR rɔ~iH sa~mR sipL si~L]
/ one thousand(s) two hundred(s) three ten(s) four /
Beyond the place name (hundreds, thousands…), there are only very few rules to remember:
- In _11, _21, up to _91, the figure 1 is pronounced [etL] and not [nɯngL]
- 20s are pronounced [yi~F sipL …] and not [sɔ~ngR sipL …]
The table below introduces the essential elements for constructing numbers from 10 up to 9,999,999.
|11||๑๑||สิบ เอ็ด||[sipL etL]|
Numbers like 100, 1,000, 10,000… can either be pronounced as is (ร้อย [rɔ~iH]…) or by saying “one” plus the place name (like saying “one hundred”, “one thousand”, but also “one ten thousands”…):
100: หนึ่ง ร้อย [nɯngL rɔ~iH]
10,000: หนึ่ง หมื่น [nɯngL mɯ~nL]…
For numbers over 9,999,999, just use lower levels place names multiplied by 1,000,000:
100,000,000 = one hundred million = ร้อย ล้าน [(nɯngL) rɔ~iH la~nH]
- Pronounce the following numbers in Thai:
2. Read the following numbers:
And here is for more (select the range of number into which you want to train and click NEW to get a new number):
Here we are. There is quite a lot of information in this article, so take your time. Learn the figures from 1 to 9 first, then progressively go learning the place names and start to build/read more complex numbers.
Also, do not hesitate to comment an dto share this article if it pleases you!