Japanese Lesson – Months

Hello Everyone,

In today’s lesson we will see how Japanese people indicate months.

What month is it?

The word  月 ( がつ ) [gatsu] is the word meaning /month/ in Japanese.

Note: You may already have noticed the kanji 月 in the word 月曜日 ( げつようび ) [getsuyo~bi] /Monday/. This kanji is the kanji for the Moon ( つき ) [tsuki] and is additionally used for Monday – the Moon day – and months, because months were aligned on lunar cycles in ancient times. Be cautious also not to mix the pronunciations げつ[getsu] / がつ[gatsu].

To ask “What month are we in?” in Japanese, we use similar structure as the one used to ask time or day of week:

なん[nan]/ what /
がつ[gatsu]/ month /
ですです[desu]/ to be /
[ka]/ {question} /
[.]/ . /

Months

Then indicating months in Japanese is really easy. A month name in Japanese is the month number followed by 月 ( がつ ) [gatsu] /month/. Therefore all you have to know is how to count from 1 to 12, and the word 月 ( がつ ) [gatsu] /month/:

一月 いちがつ  ichi gatsu  January
二月 にがつ  ni gatsu  February
三月 さんがつ  san gatsu  March
四月 しがつ  shi gatsu  April
五月 ごがつ  go gatsu  May
六月 ろくがつ  roku gatsu  June
七月 しちがつ  shichi gatsu  July
八月 はちがつ  hachi gatsu  August
九月 くがつ  ku gatsu  September
十月 じゅうがつ  ju~ gatsu  October
十一月 じゅういちがつ  ju~ichi gatsu  November
十二月 じゅうにがつ  ju~ni gatsu  December

Points to notice here are the pronunciations for 4 (し and not よん) and 7 (しち and not なな), and the shorter pronounciation for 9 (く and not きゅう). Isn’t it simple? OK, let’s practice now.

Exercises

Find the translation:

January
Answer
一月 ( いちがつ ) 「ichi gatsu」

August
Answer
八月 ( はちがつ ) 「hachi gatsu」
七月 ( しちがつ ) 「shichi gatsu」
Answer
July
十二月 ( じゅうにがつ ) 「ju~ni gatsu」
Answer
December
十月 ( じゅがつ ) 「ju~ gatsu」
Answer
October
November
Answer
十一月 ( じゅういちがつ ) 「ju~ichi gatsu」
February
Answer
二月 ( にがつ ) 「ni gatsu」
六月 ( ろくがつ ) 「roku gatsu」
Answer
June
April
Answer
四月 ( しがつ ) 「shi gatsu」
三月 ( さんがつ ) 「san gatsu」
Answer
March
九月 ( くがつ ) 「ku gatsu」
Answer
September
May
Answer
五月 ( ごがつ ) 「go gatsu」
四月 ( しがつ ) 「shi gatsu」
Answer
April
八月 ( はちがつ ) 「hachi gatsu」
Answer
August
June
Answer
六月 ( ろくがつ ) 「roku gatsu」
一月 ( いちがつ ) 「ichi gatsu」
Answer
January
December
Answer
十二月 ( じゅうにがつ ) 「ju~ni gatsu」
March
Answer
三月 ( さんがつ ) 「san gatsu」
二月 ( にがつ ) 「ni gatsu」
Answer
February
September
Answer
九月 ( くがつ ) 「ku gatsu」
十一月 ( じゅういちがつ ) 「ju~ichi gatsu」
Answer
November
October
Answer
十月 ( じゅがつ ) 「ju~ gatsu」
July
Answer
七月 ( しちがつ ) 「shichi gatsu」
五月 ( ごがつ ) 「go gatsu」
Answer
May

That’s it for this lesson. Next time we will discover days of month.
Bye!
Stéphane

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