In today’s lesson we will see how to say months in Japanese.
What month is it?
The word 月 ( がつ ) [gatsu] is the word meaning /month/ in Japanese.
Note: You may already have noticed the kanji 月 in the word 月曜日 ( げつようび ) [getsuyōbi] /Monday/. Most kanji have multiple readings according to the context they are used in. This kanji for instance is the kanji for the Moon ( つき ) [tsuki], which is also used in Monday – the Moon day – with the reading げつ [getsu] and in months with the reading がつ [gatsu], as months were aligned on lunar cycles in ancient times. Be cautious also not to mix the げつ [getsu] / がつ [gatsu] readings.
To ask “What month are we in?” in Japanese, we use similar structure as the one used to ask for time or day of week (click/press on a character to see its reading and meaning):
Indicating months in Japanese is really easy: A month name in Japanese is the month number (using either Arabic numerals (1 to 12) or Japanese numerals (一 to 十二)) followed by 月 ( がつ ) [gatsu] /month/.
Therefore all you have to know is how to count from 1 to 12 in Japanese, and the word 月 ( がつ ) [gatsu] /month/:
|一月||１月||いち がつ||ichi gatsu||January|
|二月||２月||に がつ||ni gatsu||February|
|三月||３月||さん がつ||san gatsu||March|
|四月||４月||し がつ||shi gatsu||April|
|五月||５月||ご がつ||go gatsu||May|
|六月||６月||ろく がつ||roku gatsu||June|
|七月||７月||しち がつ||shichi gatsu||July|
|八月||８月||はち がつ||hachi gatsu||August|
|九月||９月||く がつ||ku gatsu||September|
|十月||１０月||じゅう がつ||jū gatsu||October|
|十一月||１１月||じゅう いち がつ||jū ichi gatsu||November|
|十二月||１２月||じゅう に がつ||jū ni gatsu||December|
Points to notice here are:
- 四 (4) in 四月 is pronounced し [shi], never よん [yon],
- Preferred pronunciation for 七 (7) in 七月 is しち [shichi], but なな [nana] is also an accepted reading,
- 九 (9) in 九月 is pronounced く [ku], never きゅう [kyū].
OK, let’s practice now.
Find the English or Japanese translation (click/tap on Answer to see the answer):
That’s it for this lesson. Next time we will discover days of month.