Japanese Lesson – Learning Kanji 006

Hello! Hello!

I hope you are doing well. Here is our sixth lesson in the Learning Kanji series. This time you will see (and learn): 千万土金曜. Let’s go!

If you missed the previous lessons, here they are:

  • Strokes: 3
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
      • セン
    • kunyomi:
  •  Meaning(s):
    • thousand

Examples:

  • 千 (セン) as a thousand:
    • これ ほしい!千円 かして ください。(せん・えん)
    • / this / desired, wished for/ thound / yen / lend / do for me /
    • / I want this! Please give me a thousand yen. /
    • きみ が いて くれれば 千人りき だ。(せん・にん)
    • / you / {focus} / be existing / if you do for me / confidence (force of thousand men) / to be /
    • / If you stay with me, I’ll be confident. /
  • 千 (ち) as a thounsand:
    • なりた くうこう は 千ば けん に あります。(ち)
    • / Narita / airport / {topic} / Chiba (tghousand leaves) prefecture / {location} / to exist /
    • / The Narita airport is located in the Chiba prefecture. /

  • Strokes: 3
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
      • マン
      • バン
  • Meaning(s):
    • ten thousand

Examples:

  • 万 (マン) as ten thousand
    • この くるま は 三千万円 かかります。(さん・ぜん・まん・えん)
    • / this / car / {topic} / three thousand x ten thousand / yen / to take /
    • / This car costs thirty million yens (~280,000 USD). /
  • 万 (バン) as ten thousand:
    • 万ざい!(ばん)
    • / banzai! /

Note: 万ざい litteraly means “10,000 years”. It is used to wish eternity and prosperity to others during celebrations. The expression got well known during WWII where it was used by Japanese soldiers as a short for “てんのう へいか ばんざい” / Emperor / His majesty / long live / / Long live the Emperor! /.

  • Strokes: 3
    • Note: Take care to the length of the horizontal stokes: The first one must be shorter than the second one.
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
    • kunyomi:
      • つち
    •  jukujikun:
      • 土産(みやげ)present, souvenir (generally used with an honorific お prefix: お土産)
  • Meaning(s):
    • soil, earth, ground
    • Turkey

Examples:

  • 土 (ド) as earth:
    • 土よう日 は 土せい の 日 に ちなむ。(ど・び・ど・ひ)
    • / Saturday / {topic} / Saturn / {relation} / day / {indirect object} / to be associated /
    • / Saturday is Saturn’s day. /
    • ねん土 で ちょうぞう を つくります。(ど)
    • / clay / {mean} / status / {object} / to build /
    • / I make a status with clay. /
  • 土 (ト)
    •  いし だらけ の 土ち を  たがやす は めんどくさい です ね。
    • / stone / -full off / {relation} / plot of land / {object} / to cultivate, to plow / {topic} / bothersome / to be / {ask for assent} /
    • / Cultivating a plot of land full of stones is bothersome, isn’t it? /
  • 土 (つち) as earth:
    • ウォルコット の かお は 土けいろ に なって いた。
    • / Walcott / { relation} / face / {topic} / livid, ash white / {destination} / had become /
    • / Walcott’s face was ash white. /

Source: The Corpus Delicti by Melville Davisson Post (jp) (en)

  • Strokes: 8
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
      • キン
      • コン
    • kunyomi:
      • かね
      • かな
  • Meaning(s):
    • gold

Examples:

  • 金 (キン) as gold:
    • じゅん金 は 二十四 金 です。(きん・に・じゅう・よん・きん)
    • / pure gold / {topic} / twenty four / carat / to be /
    • / Pure gold is 24 carat. /
    • こんど の 金よう日 に えいが を み に いく は どう です か。(きん・び)
    • / this time, next / Friday / {moment} / movie / {object} / see / {purpose} / to go / {topic} / how / to be / {question} /
    • / What about going to the cinema this Friday? /

Note: どう です か is a casual way of asking for someones advice, in more formal situations use いかが です か.

  • 金 (コン) as gold:
    • ふるく から こ金ひ で こうせい されている ずけい は うつくしい と されて いる。(こん)
    • / old, ancient / from, since / golden ratio / {mean} / organisation, composition / was made / figure / {topic} / beautiful / {quotation} / to be made /
    • / Since old times, figures made up of the golden ratio are said to be beautiful. /
  • 金 (かね ) as money:
    • お金もち って いい な と おもいます。(かね)
    • / ” / rich person / {quotation} / good, agreable / {emphasis} / ” / {quotation} / to think /
    • / I think that being rich looks cool. /
    • この ドレス は ほしいです が、金 は ない。
    • / that / dress / {topic} / desired, wished for / to be / but / money / {topic} / not exist /
    • / I would like that dress, but I don’t have money. /
  • かな
    • 金ものでん は 金もの を うる みせ です。(かな・かな)
    • / hardware store / {topic} / hardware, metal ustensils / {object} / to sell / shop /
    • / An hardware store is a shop that sells hardware. /

  • Strokes: 18
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
      • ヨウ
  • Meaning(s):
    • weekday

Examples:

  • 曜 (よう) as a day of the week:
    • 今日 は 何 曜日 です か。(きょう・なん・よう・び)
    • / today / {topic} / what / day / to be / {question} /
    • 今日 は ○○○ です。
      • 日曜日 (にち・よう・び)
      • / Sunday /
      • 月曜日 (げつ・よう・び)
      • / Monday /
      • 火曜日 (か・よう・び)
      • / Tuesday /
      • 水曜日 (すい・よう・び)
      • / Wednesday /
      • 木曜日 (もく・よう・び)
      • / Thursday /
      • 金曜日 (きん・よう・び)
      • / Friday /
      • 土曜日 (ど・よう・び)
      • / Saturday /
    • 七曜ひょう は どこ です か。
    • / calendar / {topic} / where / to be / {question} /

 

Here is a first milestone in our lessons, with 27 kanji! You have now seen some of the most common and useful kanji, and may be able to identify and read most numbers, days of week and dates.

Yo ucan have a look here if you want to learn more on days of week and dates.

またね!

Stéphane

 



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