Japanese Lesson – Learning Kanji 011

Hi Everyone

Welcome to our eleventh kanji lesson. You are going to learn the following kanji: 雨気見電車. Let’s go!

If you missed the previous lessons, here they are:

I made some changes to make learning new words more efficient by adding kanji which you have not yet seen with furigana. In this will help you better remembering context of the kanji you learn and simplify the identification of the proper reading when you will see the word in full kanji.

  • Strokes: 8
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
    • kunyomi:
      • あめ
      • あま-
    • nanori (reading mainly found in names):
      • -さめ
      • ふ – uncommon
      • ふら – uncommon
    • jukujikun:
      • 五月雨(さみだれ)- early Summer rain.
      • 時雨(しぐれ)- heavy rains in late Fall, early Winter.
      • 梅雨(つゆ)- rainy season (between June and July)
  • Meaning(s):
    • rain

Examples:

  • 雨 (う)
    • (こう)雨 の ため、おくない で の かいさい に へんこう と なり した。(う)
    • / rainfall / {relation} / sake, consequence / indoor / {mean} / {relation} / holding, hosting (an event) / {destination} / change, revision / finally become / did /
    • / Due to the rain, the venue had to be changed to an indoor location. /
  • 雨 (あめ)
    • しょうご いこう 雨 が ふり はじめる でしょう。(あめ)
    • / noon, mid-day / on and after, since / rain / {focus} / fall / start / to probably be /
    • / It seems it will  rain this afternoon. /
    • 大雨 の ため 行けなかった。(おお・あめ・い)
    • / heavy rain / {realtion} / sake, consequence / could not go /
    • / I could not go because of the heavy rain. /
  • あま
    • 雨 は ふりそう です から、雨() を もって 行きます。(あめ・あま・い)
    • / rain / {topic} / seem to fall / to be / because / rain gear / {object} / to take and go, to carry away /
    • / Because it seems it will rain, (I) take my rain gear with me. /

Note:

  • 雨 in words like 春雨,小雨,霧雨 shall be read さめ and not あま or あめ (はるさめ / Spring rainfalls /,  こさめ / light rain /,きりさめ / drizzle /)

  • Strokes: 6
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
    • kunyomi:
      • いき – rare
    • jukujikun:
      • 意気地(いくじ)- self respect, self confidence.
      • 浮気(うわき)- infidelity, extra marital affair.
  • Meaning(s):
    • spirit, mind, mood
    • atmosphere, air

Examples:

  • 気 (き)
    • お気 を つけて 下さい。(き・くだ)
    • / spirit / {object} / be adhering / please do for me /
    • / Please, take care of yourself. /
    • (げん)気 です か。おかげさま で (げん)気 です。(き・き)
    • / energetic, vigorous / to be / {question} / / assistance, backing / {mean} / energetic, vigorous /
    • / How are you doing. / / Thanks to you, well. /
    • 月 に は (くう)気 が ない。(つき・き)
    • / Moon / {location} / {topic} / atmosphere, air, mood
      / {topic} / not to exist /
    • / There is no atmosphere o nthe Moon. /
  • 気 (け)
    • 火の気 の ない こや から 出火 した。(ひ・け・しゅっ・か)
    • / sign of fire / {relation} / not to exist / hut, shed / from / outbreak of fire / made /
    • / The fire broke out from a hut where there was no trace of fire. /

  • Strokes: 7
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
      • ケン
    • kunyomi:
      • み.る
      • み.える
      • み.せる
      • (まみ – rare)
      • (けん – rare)
      • (あら – rare)
      • (め – rare)
  • Meaning(s):
    • see, look at, visible
    • hopes, chances
    • idea, opinion

Examples:

  • 見 (けん)
    • 私 は JALこうじょう 見(がく) した。(わたし・けん)
    • / I / {topic} / JAL factory, JAL workshop / tour, observation / did /
    • / I visited the JAL workshop. /
  • 見る (み)る – to see, to look at
    • 昨日 の ばん に テレビ を 見ました か。(きのう・み)
    • / yesterday / {relation} / evening / {moment} / television / {object} / watched / {question} /
    • / Did (you) watch television yesterday evening? /
    • 私 は ここ に 下見 に きました。(わたし・した・み)
    • / I / {topic} / here / {location} / primary inspection / {destination} / came /
    • / I came here to do a primary inspection. /
  • 見える (み)える – to be in sight, to appear
    • あなた は (げん)気そう に 見える。(き・み)
    • / you / {topic} / to seem energetic, vigorous / {mean} / to appear /
    • / You look in good shape. /
  • 見せる (み)せる – to show (something), to display (something)
    • パスポートを見せて下さい。(み・くだ)
    • / passport / {object} / show / please do for me /
    • / Please, show me your passport. /

  • Strokes: 13
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
      • デン
    • kuyomi:
      • (いなずま, いなづま – outdated)
      • (いなびかり – outdated)
  • Meaning(s):
    • electricity

Examples:

  • 電 (でん)
    • だめだ。電気 が つきません。(でん・き)
    • / no good, useless / to be / / electricity / {focus} / not to arrive /
    • / There’s no way. There is no electricity. /
    • すぐ 電() を かけます。(でん)
    • / immediately, at once / phone / [object} / to make (a call) /
    • /(I’ll) make a call immediately. /


  • Strokes: 7
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
      • シャ
    • kunyomi:
      • くるま
    • jukujikun:
      • 山車(だし)- parade float
  • Meaning(s):
    • car

Examples:

  • 車 (しゃ)
    • 電車でとうきょうへ行きます。(でん・しゃ・い)
    • / train / {mean} / Tokyo / {direction} / to go /
    • / (I) go to Tokyo by train.
  • 車 (くるま)
    • 私は赤いの車がすきです。(わたし・あか・くるま)
    • / I / {topic} / red / {relation} / car / liked / to be /
    • / I like red cars. /
    • 本物 の (かざ)は もう 見えた か。(ぐるま・み)
    • / real / {relation} / windmill / {topic} / already / to be seen / {question} /
    • / Have (you) already seen a real windmill. /

Good job! Now this makes 52 kanji!

Do not hesitate if you have comments, questions or requests!

またね!

Stéphane

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