Japanese Lesson – Learning Kanji 012

Hi Everyone

Welcome to our twelfth kanji lesson.

You are going to learn the following kanji: 母父分今川. Let’s go!

If you missed the previous lessons, here they are:

  • Strokes: 5
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
    • kunyomi:
      • はは
    • nanori (reading mainly found in names):
      • -さめ
      • ふ – uncommon
      • ふら – uncommon
    • jukujikun:
      • 乳母(うば)- wet nurse, nursing mother
      • 叔母/伯母(おば)- aunt
      • 母屋/母家(おもや)- core of a building in japanese architecture (main room of a house, main building of a manor…)
      • 母さん(かあさん)- mother
  • Meaning(s):
    • mother

Examples:

  • 母 (ぼ)
    • 五 さい 年下 の おとこのこ は かのじょ の 母(せい)(のう) を くすぐった。(ご・とし・した・ぼ・ほん)
    • / five / year / younger, junior / {relation} / boy / {topic} / her / {relation} / motherhood, maternity / instinct / {object} / aroused, appealed /
    • / The boy who was five years younger than her appealed to her maternal instincts. /
    • ()母 は ゆっくり はなす。(ぼ)
    • / grandmother / {topic} / slowly, restful / to speak /
    • / (My) grandmother speaks slowly. /
  • 母 (はは)
    • 私 は 母の日 の プレゼント と して はな を おくった。(わたし・はは・ひ)
    • / I, me / {topic} / Mother’s Day / {relation} / present / {quotation} / doing / flower / {object} / gave (a gift), presented /
    • / I offered flowers as a Mother’s Day present. /
    • それ は 私 の 母(おや) が つくりました。(わたし・はは)
    • / that/ {topic} / I, me / {relation} / mother / {focus} / fabricated /
    • / My mother made that. /

  • Strokes: 4
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
    • kunyomi:
      • ちち
    • jukujikun:
      • 叔父・伯父(おじ)- Uncle
      • 父さん(とうさん)- Father
  • Meaning(s):
    • Father

Examples:

  • 父 (ふ)
    • 「PTA」は 父母 と きょうし の そしき である。(ふ・ぼ)
    • / PTA / {topic} / parents / {and} / teachers / {relation} / organization, structure / to be /
    • / “PTA” is an association of parents and teachers. /
    • ()父 は 気 が わかい。(ふ・き)
    • / grandfather / {topic} / energy / {focus} / youthful, immature /
    • / My grandfather is yound at heart. /
  • ちち
    • 父はあたらしい車をかった。(ちち・くるま)
    • / father / {topic} / new / car / {object} / bought /
    • / (My) father bought a new car. /
    • お父上 に よろしく おつたえ ください。(ちち・うえ)
    • / {honorific}-father / {destination} / please treat me favorably / {honofrific}-convey / please do for me /
    • / Please, give my respects to your father. /

  • Strokes: 4
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
      • ブン
      • フン
    • kunyomi:
      • わ.ける
      • わ.かれる
      • わ.かる
      • わ.かつ
    • jukujikun
      • 大分(おおいた)- Oita, Japanese prefecture.
  • Meaning(s):
    • part, minute of time, segment, share, degree
    • rate, chances, 1%, shaku / 100
    • one’s lot, duty
    • understand, know

Examples:

  • 分 (ぶん) – part, share…
    • この ケーキ は ()分 で つくりました。(ぶん)
    • / this / cake / {topic} / oneself / {mean} / made, fabricated /
    • / (I) made this cake myself. /
    • かち は 四分 の 一。(よん・ぶん)
    • / victory, win / {topic} / four parts / {relation} / one /
    • / (There is) one chance out of four (that they’ll) win. /
  • 分 (ふん) – part, share…
    • バス は あと 五 分 だけ で きます。(ご・ふん)
    • / bus / {topic} / remainder, after / five / minutes / only / {mean} / to come. /
    • / The bus will arrive in only five minutes. /
  • 分 (ぶ) – part, share…
    • 一分一(りん) (いち・ぶ・いち)
    • / not even a bit of, not a iota (rin is an old monetary unit equivalent to 1/1000¥) /
    • しょうぶ は 五分 五分 だった。(ご・ぶ・ご・ぶ)
    • / context, match / {topic} / 50% / 50% / was /
    • / The game ended in a draw. /
  • 分ける (わ)ける – to divide (something), to part (something), to break (something)
    • ピーザを二つに分けるよ。(ふた・わ)
    • / pizza / {object} / two objects / {destination} / to divide / {assertion} /
    • / (I) will divide the pizza in two. /
  • 分かれる (わ)かれる – to branch (oneselves), to split (oneselves), to disperse (oneselves)
    • この 食べ物 は すき きらい が 分かれる。(た・もの・わ)
    • / this / food / {topic} / liked / disliked / {focus} / be parted /
    • / This food has people divided between those who like it and those who dislike ite. /
  • 分かる (わ)かる – to understand, to become clear
    • 日本() は すこし ずつ 分かります。(に・ほん・わ)
    • / Japanese language / {topic} / a little / apiece / understand /
    • / (I) understand Japanese language a little more everyday. /
  • 分かつ (わ)かつ – to divide, to distribute, to distinguish
    • し が 二人を分かつまで。(ふたり・わ)
    • / death / {focus} / two people / {object} / to divide / until /
    • / Until death do us part. /

  • Strokes: 4
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
      • コン
      • キン (rare)
    • kunyomi:
      • いま
    • jukujikun
      • 今日(きょう)- today
      • 今朝(けさ)- this morning
      • 今年(ことし)- this year
  • Meaning(s):
    • now

Examples:

  • 今 (こん)
    • 今日は!(こん・にち)
    • / hello /
    • (ばん)は!(こん)
    • / good evening /
    • 今月 は 四月 です。(こん・げつ・し・がつ)
    • / this month / {topic} / April / to be/
    • / We are in April. /
  • キン
    • 今上(てん)(のう) と は、(ざい)()中 の てんのう を しめす こしょう である。(きん・じょう・ちゅう)
    • / His majesty the Emperor / {quotation} / {topic} / in the middle of the reign / {relation} / emperor / {object} / to point out, to indicate / designation / to be /
    • / 今上(てん)(のう) is the designation of the Emperor who is reigning. /
  • いま
    • 今 から ダイエット します。(いま)
    • / now / from / diet / to do /
    • / From now on, i’m on diet. / /
    • その 本 は 今し(がた) たしか に つくえ の 上 に あった。(ほん・いま・うえ)
    • / that / book / [topic} / just now / sure, certain, exact / {mean} / desk / {relation} / top / {location} / was /
    • / (I am) sure (I) saw the book on the desk a moment ago. /


  • Strokes: 3
  • Reading(s):
    • onyomi:
      • セン
    • kunyomi:
      • かわ
    • jukujikun:
      • 川原(かわら)- dry river bed
  • Meaning(s):
    • river

Examples:

  • 川 (せん)
    • (りゅう) は、五・七・五 の おと を もつ 日本() の うた の 一つ。(せん・ご・なな・ごに・ほん)
    • / senryuu / {topic} / five / seven / five / {relation} / sound / {object} / to possess / Japanese language / {relation} / poetry / {relation} / one object /
    • / A senryuu is a Japanese poetry having five, seven and five sounds. /
  • かわ
    • 山の下に川があった。
    • / mountain / {relation / bottom / {location} / river / {focus} / was /
    • / A river was at the bottom of the mountain. /
    • 本当 に は 川 では なかった。小川だった。
    • / truth / {mean} / {topic} / river / wasn’t / stream / was /
    • / It was not really a river. / / It was a stream. /

Good job! Now this makes 57 kanji!

Do not hesitate if you have comments, questions or requests!

またね!

Stéphane

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