Japanese Lesson – Hiragana 9

Hello Everyone,

This is our forelast lesson about hiragana, but this will be a copious one. This time we will learn: ら, り, る, れ and ろ and the use of the handakuten ◌゚ to derive new sounds. Let’s go!

As usual, refer to our previous articles and practice if you have trouble with some characters:

Now, get your paper and pencil ready!

Empty sheet

Hiragana ま to ん

This hiragana is pronounced: [ra]

It has 2 strokes:

 

Exercices:

  • Write 10 times the character ら in a row.
  • Write 5 times the word らいう [raiu] / thunderstorm/
  • Write 5 times the word らいねん [rainen] / next year /
  • Write 5 times the word らいしゅう [raishuu] / next week /

This hiragana is pronounced: [ri]

It has 2 strokes:

 

Exercices:

  • Write 10 times the character り in a row.
  • Write 5 times the word みどり [midori] / green /
  • Write 5 times the word かみなり [kaminari] / thunder /
  • Write 5 times the word りょこう [ryokou] / travel, trip /

This hiragana is pronounced: [ru]

It has 1 stroke:

 

Exercices:

  • Write 10 times the character る in a row.
  • Write 5 times the word よる [yoru] / evening, night /
  • Write 5 times the word るす [rusu] / absent, away from home  /
  • Write 5 times the word はしる [hashiru] / to run /

This hiragana is pronounced: [re]

It has 2 strokes:

 

Exercices:

  • Write 10 times the character れ in a row.
  • Write 5 times the word れきし [rekishi] / history /
  • Write 5 times the word れんらく [renraku] / to get in touch, to contact /
  • Write 5 times the word れんあい [ren’ai] / love, passion /

This hiragana is pronounced: [ro]

It has 1 stroke:

 

Exercices:

  • Write 10 times the character ろ in a row.
  • Write 5 times the word ろく [roku] / six /
  • Write 5 times the word ろうか [rouka] / hallway, passageway /
  • Write 5 times the word ちゃいろ [cha’iro] / light brown (tea color) /

Handakuten ◌゚

You may already have spotted that sometimes, some characters such has は for instance come with a small circle (maru) on their top right. This small circle is called handakuten and its role is to create what is called semi voiced sounds.

Added to は [ha] for instance, the handakuten gives ぱ which is pronounced [pa].

The handakuten can only be appended to five hiragana characters: は, ひ, ふ, へ and ほ and gives the following sounds:

は [ha] [pa]
ひ [hi] [pi]
ふ [fu] [pu]
へ [he] [pe]
ほ [ho] [po]

Exercises:

  • Write 5 times the characters ぱぴぷぺぽ in a row.
  • Write 5 times the word りっぱな [rippana] / splendid, elegant /
  • Write 5 times the word きっぷ [kippu] / ticket /
  • Write 5 times the word はっぺた [happeta] / cheek /
  • Write 5 times the word さんぽ [sanpo] / strolling /

 

Here we are for today. In the next lesson we will learn the last 3 hiragana and the use of the dakuten: ◌゙.

Do not hesitate to share and comment if you liked it! You can find us on Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and Reddit!

Cheers,

Stéphane

Next lesson: Hiragana lesson 10: wa, wo, n and the dakuten ◌゛ derivates

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