This is a great moment in history, as after this lesson you will have discovered every hiragana and katakana! The final characters are: ワ, ヲ and ン, and we will also see some extra sounds. Let’s go!
If needed, here are some links to the previous lessons:
- Katakana lesson 1: A, I, U, E, O and halfwidth A, I, U, E, O
- Katakana lesson 2: KA, KI, KU, KE, KO (+ dakuten derivates)
- Katakana lesson 3: SA, SHI, SU, SE, SO (+ dakuten derivates)
- Katakana lesson 4: TA, CHI, TSU, TE, TO (+ dakuten derivates) and halfwidth TSU
- Katakana lesson 5: NA, NI, NU, NE, NO
- Katakana lesson 6: HA, HI, FU, HE, HO (+ dakuten and handakuten derivates)
- Katakana lesson 7: MA, MI, MU, ME, MO
- Katakana lesson 8: YA, YU, YO and halfwidth -YA, -YU, -YO
- Katakana lesson 9: RA, RI, RU, RE, RO
- Hiragana lesson 10: wa, wo, n and the dakuten ◌゛ derivates
Get your paper and pencil ready!
This katakana is pronounced: わ
It has 2 strokes:
- Write 10 times the character ワ in a row.
- Write 5 times the word シャワー / shower /.
- Write 5 times the word ワープロ / wo(rd) pro(cessor) /.
- Write 5 times the word ワンピース / one piece, dress /.
This katakana is pronounced: を
It has 3 strokes:
Note: Take care not to confuse this character with ヨ [よ]
- Write 10 times the character ヲ in a row.
- Write 5 times the word ヲタ / geek /, (abreviation of オタク).
This katakana is pronounced: ん
It has 2 strokes:
Note: Take care not to confuse ソ [そ] and ン [ん]. Like for ツ [つ] and シ [し], ソ is written from top to bottom, and left to right, while ン is written from left to right, and top to bottom.
- Write 10 times the character ン in a row.
- Write 5 times the word パン / bread, pastries /.
- Write 5 times the word レストラン / restaurant /.
- Write 5 times the word ハンカチ/ handkerchief /.
As I indicated in our previous katakana lessons, katakana is used to translate foreign sounds in Japanese, therefore Japanese people adapt it when a sound shall bve translated which has no Japanese equivalent. We have encountered multiple times the use of the half-width ァィゥェォ, but there exists others.
|W||ウィ [WI], ウェ [WE], and sometimes ウォ [WO]|
|V||ヴァ [VA], ヴィ [VI], ヴゥ [VU], ヴェ [VE], ヴォ [VO]|
|D/Z||ズィ [DI, ZI]|
|TS||ツァ [TSA], ツィ [TSI], ツェ [TSE], ツォ [TSO]|
|T||ティ [TI], トゥ[TU]|
|D||デュ [DU], ヂュ [DU]|
|F||ファ [FA], フィ [FI], フェ [FE], フォ [FO]|
Here are some examples:
- ウォッカ / vodka /.
- ヴィクトリー / victory / (also ビクトリー).
- シェパード / shepard /
- ジェスチャー/ gesture /
- チェス/chess /
- ツァツィキ / tsatsiki (Greek dish) /
- ティトゥス / Titus /
- デュアルブート/ dual boot /
- フォークソング/ folk song /
- フューチュリズム/ futurism /
- ズィーブラ / zebra / (also ゼブラ)
This is the end of this lesson, and with it of the katakana and kana seriesz of lessons. Next time I will provide you with wome types on how to learn and train your kana.
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Next lesson: One step further with hiragana and katakana